Reply to certain quotes alleging
that he called other Muslims as kafir
The following question was received by us. Our esteemed enquirer
informed us that he had copied these quotations from an anti-Ahmadiyya
Regarding who is Muslim according to Mirza Sahib, following observations
Question: Huzoor-e-aali (Respected Mirza Ghulam Ahmad)
has mentioned in thousands of places that it is not at all right
to call Kafir a Kalima-go (someone who recites the Kalima) and
an Ahle-Qibla. It is quite obvious that except those Momineen
who become Kafir by calling you (Mirza Ghulam) a Kafir, no one
becomes a Kafir by merely not accepting you. However, you have
now written to Abdul Hakeem Khan that anyone who has received
my message and has not accepted me is no longer a Muslim. There
is contradiction between this statement and your statements in
previous books. Earlier in Tiriaq-ul-Quloob etc you had mentioned
that no one becomes Kafir by not accepting you; now you are writing
that by rejecting me he becomes a Kafir?!
Answer: This is strange that you consider the person who
rejects me and the person who calls me Kafir as two different
persons, whereas in the eyes of God he is the same type; because
he who does not accept me is because he considers me a fabricator
(Haqiqat-ul-Wahi, Roohany Khazaen, Vol. 22, P. 167)
It has been revealed to me that the person who did
not follow me and did not enter into my fold, is disobedient and
as such, should be thrown into Hell. (Miyar-ul-Akhyar, Vol.
9, P. 27)
Regarding your quote from Haqiqat-ul-Wahy, in the same book
he wrote a few pages earlier:
These people first prepared a fatwa of kufr against me, and about 200 Maulvis put their seals upon it, calling us kafir. In these fatwas, such aggression was shown that some Ulama even wrote that these people (Ahmadis) are worse in disbelief than Jews and Christians. Fatwas were commonly issued saying that these people must not be buried in Muslim cemeteries, they must not be offered salaam and greetings, and it is not proper to say prayers behind them because they are kafir. They must not even be allowed to enter mosques because, being kafir, they would pollute the mosques; if they do enter, the mosque must be washed. It is allowable to steal their property, and they deserve to be killed …
Now look at this falsehood, namely, that they lay the accusation against me of having declared 200 million Muslims and Kalima-professing people to be kafir. But we did not take the initiative at all. Their own Ulama issued fatwas of kufr against us, and raised a commotion throughout the Punjab and indeed the whole of India that we are kafir. These proclamations so alienated the ignorant people from us that they considered it a sin even to talk to us in a polite manner. Can any maulvi or any other opponent or any spiritual leader prove that we had declared them kafir first? If there is any paper, announcement or pamphlet issued by us, prior to their fatwas of kufr, in which we had declared our Muslim opponents to be kafir, then they should bring that forward. If not, they should realise how dishonest it is that, while they are the ones who call us kafir, then they accuse us of having declared all Muslims as kafir. This height of dishonesty, falsehood and untrue slander is so hurtful, as every sensible person can see. Then having declared us kafir by their fatwas, and themselves admitting that he who calls a Muslim a kafir gets the kufr reflected back upon himself, was it not our right under these circumstances to call them kafir according to their own admission?
(Haqiqat-ul-Wahy; see Ruhani Khazain, v. 22,
It is absolutely clear from this that Hazrat Mirza sahib never called
any Muslim as a kafir for not believing in him. If he had regarded them as kafir for not believing in him then he would have been the first to call others as kafir before they did so against him.
But he declares here that, on the contrary, it was his opponents who
initiated this by branding him as kafir and instructing all
Muslims to shun and ostracise Ahmadis.
He states most emphatically that no one can show any writing of his
whatsoever “prior to their fatwas of kufr, in which we had declared our Muslim opponents to be kafir.”
It is against this background and in this context that Hazrat Mirza
sahibs answer to that question should be read.
It is admitted in the question itself that Hazrat Mirza sahib wrote
in thousands of places that it is not at all right to call
Kafir a Kalima-go and an Ahle-Qibla,
and he is asked that what he has now written in just one place seems
to contradict this. In reply he does not say that he was
wrong in those thousands of places; rather, he explains that what
he wrote in that one place does not contradict those thousands
His reply extends to about 3 pages, from which just the opening
has been quoted by our critics. The whole reply shows that his words
he who does not accept me are not general but apply
to those who were followers of the Ulama who had declared
Hazrat Mirza sahib and Ahmadis as kafir. As he writes at
the end of his answer to this question:
I see that all those people who do not believe in me, all of them regard as believers those people who have declared me as kafir. (Ruhani Khazain, v.
22, p. 169, footnote).
Now note his following words in this same reply:
Two hundred Maulvis declared me to be kafir
and wrote a fatwa of kufr about me. Their fatwa
shows that anyone who calls a believer as kafir
becomes kafir himself, and anyone who calls a kafir
as believer also becomes a kafir
The Maulvis not only declared Hazrat Mirza sahib and his followers
as kafir but further that anyone who regards him or Ahmadis
as Muslim (i.e., regards a kafir as a believer) is also
a kafir. This means that an ordinary Muslim who does not
accept Hazrat Mirza sahib is not even allowed by the Maulvis
to regard him as a Muslim, because if he did then he would himself
be declared as kafir by the Maulvis!
This is in fact the legal position in Pakistan at present, that
each and every person who wants to be recognised as a Muslim
in Pakistani law must declare on a form that he/she regards
Hazrat Mirza sahib as an imposter and all Ahmadis as
non-Muslim. So each and every Muslim in Pakistan who does not accept
Hazrat Mirza sahib also declares him and Ahmadis as kafir
by signing a compulsory form to this effect.
Another example is the Muslim community of Cape Town, South Africa.
The Ulama there have ruled that what they call Ahmadi sympathisers
are also kafir like Ahmadis. An Ahmadi sympathiser
is one treats Ahmadis like Muslims. A Sunni Imam was dismissed by
the Ulama for allowing Ahmadis to enter his mosque for prayer, and
this led to a famous civil court case in the late 1980s. They require
all Muslims to declare Ahmadis as kafir.
It is the original fatwa of the Maulvis, and the present
day law of Pakistan, that has placed he who does not accept
me in the same category as the person who calls me kafir.
Hazrat Mirza sahib, in this same answer, proposes the following
solution about those who dont believe in him. Immediately
after the lines quoted above from p. 168, he writes:
Now the easy solution to this is that if there are
other people who are honest and sincere, and not hypocrites, they
should issue an announcement about these Maulvis, naming each Maulvi,
saying that these are all kafir because they declared a Muslim
to be kafir. Then I will believe them to be Muslims.
If it is not true that one who calls a believer as kafir becomes kafir himself, then they (i.e., those who merely do not accept me) should show me such a declaration from their maulvis, and I will accept it. But if such a person does become a kafir then they (i.e., those who merely do not accept me) must issue an announcement, naming each of the maulvis, saying that they have become kafir. After that, it will be haram (i.e., forbidden) for me to doubt that they are followers of Islam, providing they are not behaving with hypocrisy. (p.
If they issue this announcement, he says he will believe them to
be Muslims and never doubt their being Muslims, even though they
do not accept him. It is the fatwa of the Maulvis that makes
it impossible for Muslims to regard him as Muslim and at the same time regard the Maulvis as Muslims.
Hazrat Mirza sahib ends his answer as follows:
So, even now I do not call the people who face the Qiblah as kafir, but how can I call those as believers whose own hands have created the grounds for their unbelief.
(Ruhani Khazain, v. 22, p. 169, footnote).
This, in brief, is the answer to the question: that he does not
even now call the ahl-i qibla as kafir, just as he
wrote in those thousands of places.
Regarding your second quotation (It has been revealed to
me that the person who did not follow me and did not enter into
my fold, is disobedient and as such, should be thrown into Hell),
in this case, two sets of words have been omitted and the rest of
the translation is distorted as well. It should read:
God reveals to one man that he who does not
follow you and does not enter into your baiat and
remains your opponent, he is disobedient to Allah and the Messenger
and will go to hell.
(Majmu‘a Ishtiharat, 1986 edition, v. 3, p. 275)
It is clearly stated here: and remains your opponent
(which I have underlined). Anyone who opposes the mission of Hazrat
Mirza sahib as Mujaddid, which is to defend Islam and make
it victorious over its detractors, is disobedient to the instructions
of Allah and the Holy Prophet Muhammad and is liable to the punishment
of hell as Allah may determine. Those Muslims throughout history
who have damaged Islam and the Muslim Umma will certainly receive
Allahs punishment for their misdeeds, even though they are
Muslims and not kafir.
Secondly, note that Hazrat Mirza sahib calls it his revelation.
His revelations are not an independent authority but have to be
made subject to the teachings of Islam in the Quran and Hadith.
The Quran tells us in 24:55, after promising the Muslims that khalifas
to the Prophet Muhammad will appear among them, that those who oppose
them are transgressors (fasiq). In Bukhari it is stated that
Allah Himself says:
I will declare war against him who shows hostility
to a wali of Mine.
(Book: Ar-Riqaq, ch. 38, hadith 6502)
Hazrat Mirza sahibs revelation is in accordance with this.
Thirdly, reading the context where this quote occurs, we find that
Hazrat Mirza sahib was writing in refutation of a Muslim opponent
who was also claiming to receive revelation. The opponent was claiming
that God had sent him revelation that Hazrat Mirza sahib was a
firaun, kazzab (liar), musrif (exceeding limits in
committing sin), fasiq (wrong-doer) and kafir
etc. Hazrat Mirza sahib writes in response, just before the quotation given by our opponents, that God had revealed
to him that he is the chosen one of God
and Mujaddid of the 14th century
that man claimed to receive revelation that those who follow Mirza
sahib are on the path to spiritual destruction, and Hazrat Mirza
sahib countered this with the revelation we are discussing.
So in this same reference Hazrat Mirza sahib has said that God
revealed to him that he is the Mujaddid of the 14th century.
Therefore when he says that God revealed to him that he who
does not follow you and remains your opponent
refers to what happens to those who deny and oppose a Mujaddid.
There is no mention here by Hazrat Mirza sahib of any claim
by him to be a prophet or that those who dont believe in him
are kafir. (Note: Even the Qadianis believe that he was not
claiming to be a prophet at the time he wrote this in June 1899.)
Also, the statement about what happens to he who does not
applies to the kind of opponent that Hazrat
Mirza sahib is writing against here, the person who announces to
the world that God has revealed to him that Mirza sahib is a
firaun, kazzab, musrif, fasiq, kafir.