Khilafat in the Ahmadiyya
Movement: Brief Review
- For the administration and financial management of the Movement
after him, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad created in 1905 an Anjuman
or association, which was called the Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya, and
he plainly designated this body as his successor in
his Will (the booklet Al-Wasiyya).
- He declared the Anjuman to be the supreme governing
body of the Movement after his death, and assigned to it the decision-making
authority which he himself possessed during his life.
- The Promised Messiah appointed fourteen men to
the executive body of the Anjuman, and gave the instruction in
a written note that its decisions, made by majority opinion, would
be final and binding.
- The Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya held this position and
functioned in this way during the period of leadership of Maulana
Nur-ud-Din (from May 1908 to March 1914), the first Head of the
Ahmadiyya Movement after the Promised Messiahs death.
- However, in 1914 when Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud
Ahmad (son of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, 1889-1965) succeeded
in his plans to become the head of the Movement, he immediately
proceeded to destroy the system created by the Promised Messiah
and replace it with an autocratic, personal khilafat giving
the khalifa absolute and supreme power over the movement.
- Although in practice Mirza Mahmud Ahmad established
an autocratic khilafat in 1914, he himself announced in
1925 that according to the original rules and regulations of the
Anjuman, which were still on paper, the khilafat had no
existence or power! He then divested the Anjuman of its powers.
- The Qadiani Jamaat concept is that the khalifa
is appointed by God, and therefore all his acts and pronouncements
possess the seal of Divine authority. He cannot be questioned
or called to account by any human being or by the members
of the Movement, and it is the prime duty of every member to obey
the khalifa totally and absolutely, without question, no
matter what he orders them to do.
- Subsequently, this khilafat also appeared
to become a family inheritance for the descendants of Hazrat Mirza
- The Qadiani Movement considers its khalifa
as the real and true Head of the whole of the Muslim Umma.
This belief has led them, on many occasions, to try to gain political
power making them just like so many other Islamic parties seeking
- The Qadiani system of rule by a khalifa
possessing absolute, autocratic power is entirely repugnant to
the teachings of Islam, and no trace whatsoever of any such concept
is to be found anywhere in the writings of the Hazrat Mirza Ghulam
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